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Kategori Umur Menurut Who Pdf Free


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Kategori Umur Menurut Who Pdf Free


What You Need to Know About the New Age Categories According to WHO


The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently updated its age categories to reflect the changing demographics and health status of the global population. The new age categories are different from the ones used by the Ministry of Health of Indonesia (Depkes) and may have implications for health policies and services. In this article, we will explain the differences between the old and new age categories, their rationale, and their impact on health and well-being.


The Old Age Categories According to Depkes


According to Depkes, the age categories used in Indonesia until 2009 were as follows [^1^]:


Infancy: 0-5 years


Childhood: 5-11 years


Early adolescence: 12-16 years


Late adolescence: 17-25 years


Early adulthood: 26-35 years


Late adulthood: 36-45 years


Early old age: 46-55 years


Late old age: 56-65 years


Elderly: 65 years and above


The elderly category was further divided into subcategories according to WHO [^2^]:


Middle age: 45-59 years


Old age: 60-74 years


Older old age: 75-90 years


Very old age: 90 years and above


The New Age Categories According to WHO


In 2019, WHO revised its age categories to simplify and harmonize them with international standards. The new age categories are as follows [^3^]:


Children: under 18 years


Youth: 18-65 years


Middle-aged: 66-79 years


Elderly: 80-99 years


Long-lived elderly: 100 years and above


The Rationale Behind the New Age Categories


The new age categories are based on the concept of functional age, which refers to the physical, mental, and social abilities of a person rather than their chronological age. Functional age can vary widely among individuals of the same chronological age, depending on their lifestyle, genetics, environment, and health conditions. Therefore, functional age is a better indicator of health needs and risks than chronological age.


The new age categories also reflect the increasing life expectancy and healthy aging of the global population. According to WHO, life expectancy at birth increased by 5.5 years between 2000 and 2016, reaching 72.0 years in 2016. The proportion of people aged 60 years or over is expected to rise from 12% in 2015 to 22% in 2050. Moreover, many older people remain active and productive well into their later years, contributing to society and enjoying a good quality of life.


The Impact of the New Age Categories on Health and Well-being


The new age categories have implications for health policies and services, as they may require adjustments in the allocation of resources, the design of programs, and the delivery of care. For example, health services that were previously targeted at adolescents may need to be expanded to include people up to 65 years old, while health services that were previously targeted at older people may need to be tailored to different subgroups of elderly people with different needs and preferences.


The new age categories also have implications for individual health and well-being, as they may challenge the stereotypes and stigma associated with aging. For example, people who are considered youth according to the new age categories may feel more empowered and motivated to pursue their goals and aspirations, while people who are considered elderly according to the new age categories may feel more valued and respected for their wisdom and experience.


Conclusion


The new age categories according to WHO are a result of the changing demographics and health status of the global population. They are based on functional age rather than chronological age, and they reflect 9160f4acd4






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